Sciatica (acute)

Do you suffer from pain in the lumbar region your spine? This pain can be the first indicator of sciatica. One sudden move or chilling to the area is enough to induce severe lower back pain and lumbar spine pain – sciatica or inflammation of sciatic nerve.

Do not postpone an appointment with your physician. Manage your health issues in time. Would you like to manage sciatica now? You can utilize our health advisory centre.

Sciatica - description, treatment
Picture Sciatica (acute)

Characteristics of Sciatica and its Causes

Sciatica (acute lumbosciatic syndrome) is characterised by its sudden severe pain in the lumbar spine shooting down the leg. It is a very painful and unpleasant disease: the so called lumbago.

It is a result of sciatic plexus compression in the lumbar and cervical spine with severe pain shooting down the lower limb and restricted mobility.

The most common cause is a herniated disc, or the so-called dislocated disc (a disc moved out of its normal position).

After episodes of sciatica with lumbar herniation, there is an increased risk of paralysis in one of the lower limbs. This can arise immediately or within a few hours.

Causes of sciatica include:

  • a sudden move,
  • chilling of the area,
  • inflammation of nerves (neuritis sciatica),
  • physical strain in inappropriate positions – e.g. lifting weight.

Sciatica Treatment – Rid yourself of the Pain

When determining correct treatment of acute sciatica, it is important to know whether the nucleus pulposus (the core of a disc) is herniated. If it is, neurosurgical intervention is necessary.

If the nucleus pulposus is not herniated, the treatment is usually conservative.

Local injections of Mesocain can be utilised to mitigate pain.

Non-steroid anti-rheumatics may be administered. In order to decrease muscle tension in the area, muscle relaxants may be administered. Bedrest is often recommended.

After the acute phase subsides, rehabilitation and physical therapy is required.

In case of mild pain which does not impede mobility, it is recommended to perform simple stretching exercises.

The base for prevention is plenty of physical exercise, good posture and a properly-chosen mattress.

  • Lumbago – sudden pain and cramping in the area of spine.
  • Lumbosciatic syndrome – a herniated disc in the area of lumbar spine.
  • Mesocain – a local anesthetic and antiarrythmitic.
  • Muscle relaxants – medicaments inducing relaxation of striped muscles.
  • Non-steroid anti-rheumatics – non-steroid medicament with analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory effect.
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